Response Paper: Rhetoric and Pentad
“Summarize the three rhetorical theories (Aristotelian, Austin’s Speech-Act, and Burke’s Dramatic Pentad), along with their uses and elements, in no more than 150 words, altogether.”
Aristotelian rhetoric states that there are three appeals: pathos, ethos, and logos. Pathos is emotional appeal. Ethos is ethical appeal which establishes the author’s credibility. Within ethos is: phronesis or “practical wisdom”, arête or “virtue”, and eunoia or “goodwill”. Logos is the logical appeal.
Austin’s speech-act theory states that every time one speaks they are trying to do something with their speech. There are explicit and implicit performatives. Explicit means what one is saying is exactly what one is doing. Implicit implies two acts. There is the illocutionary act which is literal and textual in meaning. Then the perlocutionary act which is non-literal, implied, and unspoken.
Burke’s pentad breaks up motive into five sections: act, scene, agent, agency, and purpose. They are as follows. Act: what happened, scene: context in which it happened, agent: who committed the act, agency: means by which the act was committed, and purpose: motivation behind act.