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Using the Food Guide Pyramid

By Rayan Kayssi

Using the Food Guide Pyramid

Mary “Good Dip” Feidu recently started college and is living on her own for the first time. She noticed that she has gained a few pounds and that she needs to pay more attention to her diet.

1. Total up and list the number of servings Mary had from each food group. Does Mary meet the minimum number of servings recommended by the Food Guide Pyramid for each food group? Explain.

The minimum number of servings recommended by the Food Guide Pyramid for each group :

Breakfast : Grains (1) , Fruit (1) , Milk (3/4)
Snack : Grains (2)
Lunch : Grains (2) , Vegetables (1/8 + 2 1/2) , Meat(1) , Milk (1 1/2)
Dinner : Grains (2) , Vegetables (1) , Meat(2), Milk (2/3 + 2/3)

Total : Grains (7) , Fruit (1) ,Vegetables (3 5/8) , Meat(3), Milk (3 7/12)

Yes, Mary meets the minimum number of servings recommended by the Food Guide Pyramid for each food group.

2. What food items did she have during the day that contributed primarily sugar and/or fat?

Mary didn’t have any items during the day that contributed primarily sugar and/or fats.

3. How would you rate Mary’s food choices in terms of nutrient density and variety? Explain.

Mary did not choose a variety of food groups in her diet, even though she did eat different things.

She didn’t include enough fruits and vegetables.

As for nutrient density, she didn’t choose a lot of nutrient dense food when she ate: French fries, donuts, milk shakes, and ice creams.

4. How would more nutrient-dense choices affect the energy content of her diet?

Choosing more nutrient-dense food would affect the energy content of her diet tremendously.

She could make better choices by consuming a wider variety of nutrient-dense food to lower her number of servings.

She can find something that would give her the same amount of nutrients but is denser per kcal to save intake kcal and by that save energy.

5. Make some suggestions for Mary so that she can increase the variety and nutrient density of her diet. Do your recommendations meet Mary’s basic needs according to the Food Guide Pyramid? Take into account other important factors such as the types of fat Mary is consuming. Are they mostly “healthy” or “unhealthy” types of fat? What about the type of carbohydrates she consumed? Does she seem to consume the type of carbohydrates that would contribute to the recommended minimum of 25 grams of fiber per day? Discuss.

Mary could use more vegetables in her diet because vegetables are denser than other food in terms of nutrients.

Instead of having French fries, she could have a cup of vegetables. She should also consume less of the milk products and take grains instead, or fruits.

Mary consumed some unhealthy fats that were not included directly in the table provided.

For example, the French fries were fried in oil and are high on cholesterol.

As well as the milk shake that was full of sugar.

Since, the table didn’t specifically give enough details about the ingredients I couldn’t add it to the number of servings, but she needs to cut down on the sugars and fats and substitute them with healthy food that contribute more nutrients and less energy.

As for the type of carbohydrates that she consumed, she chose some of the ones that are the lowest in nutrient density, such as doughnuts. She might get the 25 grams of fiber per day, but she doesn’t necessarily get them from the best sources. She gained weight because she was making the wrong choices when picking out her food.

6. The name of the case study object (person) can be rearranged into another group of words. What are they?

I don’t really know what you mean by this question. I tried to rearrange the words of the case study object’s name in many different ways, but I didn’t find any outcome with an interesting phrase.

These are the possibilities that I could think of:

Mary Dip good feidu
Mary good dip feidu
Mary feidu dip good
Mary feidu good dip
Good mary dip feidu
Good mary feidu dip
Dip mary good feidu
Dip mary feidu good
Feidu mary good dip
Feidu good mary dip
Feidu dip good mary
Feidu dip mary good

The ones that make sense the most were:

Mary feidu good dip (that sounds like Mary “feed” u good dip)

Or

Good mary feidu dip (that sounds like Mary Feidu is a dip)

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Vitamin Mineral Supplement Evaluation

By Rayan Kayssi

Complete the supplement evaluation form about a supplement you are currently taking or, if you are not currently taking one, one from a local store or friend.

1) What is the name of the supplement?

Centrum, from A to Zinc.

2) What is the cost per pill (show calculation):

The cost of Centrum, which contains 130 tablets, is $9.49.
9.49/130 = $0.073 per pill.

3) Is the supplement complete (does it contain all vitamins and minerals with established RDIs)? Of no, what is missing?

The supplement is complete. It contains all the vitamins and minerals with established RDIs.

4) Are most vitamins and minerals present at or near 100% of the RDIs? Exceptions include biotin, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, which are rarely found in amounts near 100% of the RDIs. List any vitamin or minerals that are present in low amounts to dangerously high amounts.

The vitamins and minerals that are present ar 100% are:
Iron, Zinc, Copper, Iodine, Manganese, Chromimum, Molybdenum, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, and Folic acid.

The vitamins and minerals that are not present at or neat 100% of the RDIs are:

Selenium (20 instead of 70), Vitamin A (3500 IU), and Vitamin K (25 instead of 80).

5) Does the supplement contain unnecessary nutrients or nonnutrients? If yes, list them.

In addition to the vitamins and minerals that are required by the RDI, there are other unnecessary nutrients/non-nutrients present in the tablets. These include:

Pantothenic Acid, Molybdenum, Chloride, Boron, Nickel, Silicon, Tin, Vanadium 10 mcg; Lutein 250 mcg; Lycopene 300 mcg; Dibasic Calcium Phosphate; Magnesium Oxide; Potassium Chloride; Microcrystalline Cellulose; Ascorbic Acid (Vit. C); Ferrous Fumarate; Calcium Carbonate; Gelatin; dl-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate (Vit. E); Contains < 2% of: Acacia Senegal Gum; Ascorbyl Palmitate; BHT; Calcium Pantothenate; Chromic Chloride; Citric Acid; Colloidal Silicon Dioxide; Crospovidone; Cupric Oxide; Cyanocobalamin (Vit. B12); Ergocalciferol (Vit. D); FD&C Yellow 6 Aluminum Lake; Hypromellose; Magnesium Stearate; Manganese Sulfate; Niacinamide; Nickelous Sulfate; Phytonadione (Vit. K); Polysorbate 80; Potassium Iodide; Potassium Sorbate; Pregelatinized Starch; Purified Water; Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vit. B6); Silicon Dioxide; Sodium Ascorbate; Sodium Benzoate; Sodium Citrate; Sodium Metavanadate; Sodium Molybdate; Sodium Selenate; Sodium Silicoaluminate; Sorbic Acid; Stannous Chloride; Starch; Sucrose; Thiamine Mononitrate (Vit. B1); Titanium Dioxide; Tocopherol; Tribasic Calcium Phosphate; Triethyl Citrate; Vitamin A Acetate (Vit. A); Zinc Oxide; May Also Contain: Calcium Stearate; Glucose; Lactose Monohydrate.

6) Is there “hype” on the label? Does the label use the terms “natural”, “organic”, “chelated”, “no sugar”, “stress-reliever”,’ etc.? List any terms used.

The label of this supplement does not use terms such as “natural, organic…” It just states that it contains multiminerals and multivitamins from ‘A to Zinc’.

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